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INTERMEDIATE 



HISTORICAL CATECHISM! 






OX THE 



OLD TESTAMENT. 



REV J. W- M.OROOCK. 



Maeon, Ga. : 

• * PKljjSfED BY BUKKE, BOYKIX & CO. 

1863. 



AN 



INTERMEDIATE 

HISTORICAL CATECHISM 



ON THB 



OLD TESTAMENT 



BY 



BKV, £, W- MOKCOCK. 



MACON GA.: 

FK2KTBD BY BURKE, BOV&IN * 00- 
1863, 



PREFACE. 



What a rich treasure is the Biblo ! From it the 
old and the young may learn lessons of wisdom that 
all the knowledge of the world could not teach them. 
And the wisdom it teaches, leading as it does to salva- 
tion, is beyond all price — beyond all calculation. How 
proper, thin, is it to lead the infant mind to this source 
of heavenly wisdom I How appropriate in Christians, 
to prepare such volumes as will impress upon the 
youthful heart those great truths of providence and 
grace which are revealed in the Word of God — our 
only fount of knowledge of divine things 1- They who- 
do so, are real benefactors to the race — real co-work- 
ers with the great God of providence and grace. To 
them, souls, that else had groped in the darkness of ig- 
norance, are indebted for the sunshine of celestial wis- 
dom ; for the Word of God, simple as it is in narra- 
tive, and clear as ffcis in statement of truth, needs help 
to adapt it.to the quick comprehension of infant minds. 
For this reason, and that the interesting and instruct- 
ing narrative of God's dealings with our race may be 
brought within a small compass, and presented free 
from much extraneous matter, the present volume, as 
one of a series, has been prepared by the author. The 
want of such a volume was felt, because the war has 
cut off our source of supply for Sunday School Books, 
and because few of those published have gleaned just 
the field over which this author has gone. 

In our Sabbath Schools, the Old Testament with its 
treasures of historical information is too much neg- 
lected : it haa been customary to study the New Tea- 



■» PREFACE. 

tament, aud to seek to unfold its precious truths, al- 
most to an exclusion of a proper attention to the his- 
torical developments of the Old' Testament; but to a 
just apprehension of the New Testament, with its un- 
speakably valuable truths, a knowledge of the general 
facts of the Old Testament is necessary. Under such 
a view this volume has been prepared. It will be 
found to contain, in chronological order, as far as a cat- 
egorical system of instruction can contain, a clear and 
succinct account of the leading facts and incidents of 
the historical books of tne Old Testament. In style 
and amplification it has been adapted to infantile 
minds, the object being to bring leading facts into view 
plainly, and yet not burden the mind with a multiplic- 
ity of incidents. 

Asa short history of the development of God's pro- 
vidence in His dealings with our race, it is commend- 
ed to Sabbath School instructors as a suitable book for 
Sabbath School classes. It will be seen that the re- 
ferences are many and pertinent ; aDd it is hoped that 
it will be the teacher's aim and pleasure to see that 
these references are studied and learned, for the better 
comprehension of the lessons, and-tfor the sake of a- 
certain absorption of Bible truth. 

The book is commended to God's people with the 
prayer that the Father of Light will bless it to the 
saving knowledge of many, S. BOYKIN, 



INTRODUCTION. 



Whilst the writer of this little work would ac- 
knowledge, that it was undertaken with a view to 
his own improvement, he will state, that in his prepa- 
ration of it, he has tried to render it as great an aid 
as possible to the child, and also suggestive of other 
questions to the Teacher. His duty is to take up the 
subject of each Lesson, at his leisure, and with calm 
meditation and prayerful 'study, invoke the Holy 
Ghost to lead him into all truth, and to grant him 
Grace to impart the true spirit of the Bible. to each 
member of bis class. 

Praying that God may sanction this effort, and 
enable the writer to complete the series of Questions- 
he designs alike for Infants and Bible Classes, he hum- 
bly submits it to the use of all, who, like himself, 
have felt their need of such a work. 



AN ANALYSIS 

OF THE INTERMEBIATE HISTOBICAL CATECHISM 
OW THE OLD TESTAMENT. 



First Period.— From the Creation to the 
Flood— Adam. Eve, Cain, Abel, Enoch and 
Methuselah. 

Serond Period. — From the Flood to the Call 
of Abraham — Noah and his three sons; Nim- 
rod; the Tower , of Babel. 

Third Period.— From the Call of Abraham 
to the arrival of the Jews in the Promised 
Land— Abraham, Isaac, Jacob, Joseph, Moses 
and Joshua. 

Fourth Period.— From the Judges to the 
Kings— Deborah, Gideon, Samson, Euth, Eli 
and Samuel. 

Fifth Period. — From 'the Kings to Captivi- 
ty in Babylon, Saul, David, Solomon, Rehobo- 
am, Jeroboam, Elijah, Elisha, Hoshea, last 
King of Israel ; Zedekiah, last King of Ju- 
dah before the Captivity. 

Sixth Period. — From Captivity to the close 
of Prophecy, including all of the Prophets 
who left written productions, Jonah, Joel, 
Amos, Hosea, Isaiah, Micah, Nahum, Zepha- 
niah, Jeremiah, Habakkuk, Daniel, Ezekiel 
Obadiah, (Ezra, Esther, Nehemiah,) Hasr°-ai' 
Zechariah and Malachi. ' fei3 ' 



UrSTORIOAL CATECHISM. 1 

First Period. 

FROM THE CREATION TO THK FLOOD. 

FIRST LESSON 

1. Who created all things ? 

Answer, God. Gen. i ; 1. John i : 3. 

2. Who was the first man ? 
A. Adam. Gen. i, 20. 

'■'. Of what did God make man ? 

A. Of the dust of the earth. Gen. ii, 7. 

4. Who was the first woman T 

A. Eve. Gen. iii, 20. 

f>. How was she made? 

A. Of a rib from Adam's side. Gen. ii, 22. 

6. Where did God put them to live ? 
A. In the Garden of Eden. Gen. ii, 8. 

7. Why did God drive them out of the 
Garden ? 

A. Because tbey ate of the tree of know- 
ledge of good and evil. Gen. ii, 17 ; iii, 
22, 23. 

8. What were the names of Adam's first 
children ? 

A. Cain and Abel. Gen. iv, 1, 2. 

9. What became of them ? 

A. Cain slew Abel. Gen. iv, 8. 

10. How was Cain punished? 

A. God set a mark on Cain and he became 
a fugitive and a vagabond in the earth. Gen. 
iv, 12, 15. 



HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

11. Whom did God take before death ? 
A. Enoch. Gen. v, 24. 

12. Why was Enoch translated ? 

A. Because he pleased God. Heb. xi, 5 

13. Who was the oldest man ? 
A. Methuselah. 

14. How long did he live ? 

A. Nine hundred and sixty-nine years — 
Gen. v, 27. 

Second Period. 

JF80M THE FLOOD TO THE CALL OF ABRAHAItf. 

SECOND LESSON 

1. What did God say when he saw that the 
wickedness of man was great in the earth? 

A. I will destroy man. Gen. vi, 7 

2. Who found grace cr favor in the eyes of 
the Lord ? 

A. Noah. Gen. vi, 8. 

?>. What did God tell Noah to make ? 

A. An ark, or large boat. Id. vi, 14. 

4. Who were saved in the ark ? 

A. Noah and his sons, and his wife, and his 
sons' wives. Id. vi, 18. 

5. What were the names of his sons ? 
A. Shem, Ham and Japhet. Id. v, 32. 

6. What else was saved ? 

A. Two of every living thing, besidesseven 
of all clean beasts, with food for Noah and for 
them. Gen. vi, 21 ; vii, 22. 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 9 

7. How long did the waters prevail ? 

A. One hundred and fifty days. Id. vii, 24. 

8. What became of everything that was not 
ia the ark ? 

A It was destroyed. Gen. vii, 23. 

9. How did Noah tell when the waters were 
dried up ? 

A. He sent forth a dove and she came to 
him with an olive leaf in her mouth. Id. viii, 
11. 

10. What did Noah first do after leaving 
the ark ? 

A. He built an altar unto the Lord and of- 
fered burnt offerings. Id. viii, 20. 

11. What token or sign did God give Noah 
that he would not again destroy the world by 
a Flood ? 

A. The Rainbow. Id. ix, 13—15. 

12. How many languages were there at first ? 
A. Only one. Gen. xi, 1. 

13. And what did the men speaking that 
language try to do ? 

A. They tried to build a Tower whose top 
might reach to heaven. Id. xi, 4. 

14. How did God punish them for their 
pride ? 

A. He confounded their language; so that 
they could not understand ea,ch other's speech. 
Gen. xi, 7. 

15. What was the Tower called ? 



10 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

A. Babel. Id. xi, 9. 

16. What does Babel mean ? 
A. Confusion. 

17. What became of those who tried to 
build the Tower of Babel ? 

A. The Lord scattered them abroad upon 
the face of all the earth. Id. xi, 8. 

Third Period. 

FROM THE CALL OF ABRAHAM TO THE ARRI- 
VAL OF THE ISRAELITES IN THE PROMISED 
LAND. 

THIRD LESSON 

1. Where did Abraham live? 

A. In Ur of the Chaldees Gen. xi, 31. 

2. What did God say to him ? 

A. He told him to leave his own land and 
country and go into one that he would shew 
him. Id. xii, 1. 

3. Why did God command him to leave his 
own country ? 

A. Because the people were wicked. 

4. What blessing did God promise him ? 
A. " I will make of thee a great nation and 

in thee shall all the families of the earth be 
blessed." Id. xii, 2, 3. 

5. Which of his relatives went with him ? 
A. His nephew, Lot. 

6. What did Abraham say to Lot when their 
herdsmen could not agree ? 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 11 

A. "If thou wilt take the left hand, then 1 
will go to the right ; or if thou depart to the 
right hand, then I will go to the left." Gen. 
xiii, 9. 

7 Where did Lot choose his ahode ? 

A. Lot dwelt in the cities of the plain. Id. 
xiii, 11. 

DESTRUCTION OP SODOM AND GOMORRAH. 

8. In what way was Abraham useful in pre- 
serving Lot ? 

A. He prayed for Lot's deliverance, when 
God told him that the cities of the plain should 
be destroyed for their wickedness. Gen. xviii, 

on 99 
So— oo. 

9. How was Lot reseu«d ? 

A. The Lord sent two Angels to hasten him 
and his family out or Sodom. Id. xix, 12-16. 

10. What became of Lot's wife ? 

A. She looked back on the burning cities 
and- became a pillar of salt. Gen. xix, 2(5 — 
Luke xvii, 32. 

11. How old was Abraham when God pro- 
mised to give him a son, Isaac? 

A. Ninety-nine years of age. Gen. xvii, 1- 
xy . 

12. Wby was his name changed from Abram 
to Abraham? 

A. Because God said, "A father of many 
nations have I made thee." Id. xvii, 5. 

13. Besides obeying the call of God to come 



12 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

oat of his own country, what other reason 13- 
there for calling Abraham "the father of the 
faithful?" 

A. He was willing to offer up his son Isaac 
at God's command. Id. xxii, 2, 10. 

14. Did he effect the sacrifice — did he kill 
him ? 

A. No. God sent an augel to stop him. 
Id. 12. 

15. Where were Abraham and his wife, 
Sarah, buried ? 

A. In the Cave of Maehpelah, near Hebron, 

FOURTH LESSON 

ISAAC. 

1. What was the character of Isaac? 

A. He was a man given to meditation. Gen, 
xxiv, 63. 

2. Whom did Isaac marry ? 
A. Rebekah. Id. xxiv, 67. 

3. From what country was she ? 

A. From Abraham's country; for he had 
made his servant promise that he would go 
back to his kindred and bring a wife for Isaac. 
Id. xxiv, 3, 4. 

4. What were the names of Isaac and Re- 
bekah's children ? 

A. Esau and Jacob. Gen. xxv, 25, 26. 

5. What kind of a man was Esau ? 

A. Esau was a cunning hunter. Id. xxv 21, 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. IS 

15. What kind of a man was Jacob ? 
A. Jacob was a plain man, dwelling in 
tents. Id. 

7. Which of them did Isaac love most ? 

A. Esau; because he ate of his venison. Id. 
xxv, 28. 

8. And which did Rebekah love most ? 
A. Jacob. Id. 

S. Was it right for them to have favorites ? 
A. No ; because it made their children jeal- 
ous of each other and unhappy all their lives. 

10. How old was Isaac when he died ? 

A. One hundred and eighty years of age. 
<Gen. xxxv, 28. 

11. Where were he and Rebekah buried? 
A. In the Cave of Machpelah, that Abraham 

had purchased for a burial place. Gen. xlix, 
31. 

FIFTH LESSON. 

JACOB. 

1. While Abraham was the " Father of the 
faithful, and- Isaac a man of meditation," how 
may Jacob be regarded ? 

A. As a man of prayer. 

2. What is the first instance of an 'answer to 
his prayers ? 

A. When he was flying from Esau to go to 
his mother's relatives, he spent the night aft 



14 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

Luz, and then while asleep God appeared to 
him. Gen. xxviii, 10. 

3. What did he see in his dream ? 

A. A ladder and angels going up and down 
on it between heaven and earth. Id. 12. 

4. What did Jacob call the place afterwards? 
A. Bethel, or "the house of God." Id. 

17 and 19. 

5. What did he vow to the Lord ? 

A. That if He would prosper him, he would 
give Him the tenth of all that he made. Id. 22. 

6. Did the Lord answer his petition for pros- 
perity? 

A. Yes. For though he went over Jordan 
with only a staff in his hand, when he returned 
twenty years afterwards, he had to divide his 
family and herds into two bands. Gen. xxxi, 
41 — xxxii, 6, 7. 

7. Yet after Jacob had sent all his posses- 
sions over Jordan, how did he spend. the night ? 

A.. In prayer for deliverance from the anger 
of Esau. id. xxxii, 28. 

8. What honor did God confer on Jacob for 
his faith in prayer ? 

A. He changed his name from Jacob to Is- 
rael. "God's man." Id. 

9. How many sons did Jacob have? 

A. Twelve, frequently called the twelve pa- 
triarchs. Id. xxxv, 23, 26. 

10. When did Jacob die and where was he 
buried? 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 15 

A. He died in Egypt, but was buried in the 
Cave of Maehpelah with Abraham and Isaac. 
Gen. 1, 1, 2, 13. 

11. How could his body have been carried 
that distance through so warm a country? 

A. It was embalmed. 

12. What was embalming? 

A. It is one of the lost arts. We can only 
conjecture how it was done by the mummies 
that we get from Egypt. The body, after its 
most corruptible parts were removed, was sur- 
rounded with myrrh, and wrapt in several 
cloths, fastened with a peculiar kind of wax, 
and then laid in spices or something to prevent 
its decomposing. Vide Burder's " Oriental 
Customs," 471 p. London ed. 1840. Kitto 
" Cyclopedia," Webster, &c. 

SIXTH LESSON 

JOSEPH. 

1. Which of his children did Jacob love 
most? 

A. Joseph. 

2. How did Jacob show his partiality for 
him? 

A. By making him a " coat of many colors," 
or pieces ; that is a long flowing coat worn by 
the better classes and reaching to the extremi- 
ties. 



16 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

3. What did his brothers call Joseph f 
A. The dreamer. 

4. Why? 

A. Because he had told them several of his 
dreams. 

5. What was his first dream ? 

A. " Behold we were binding sheaves in the 
field, and lo ! my sheaf arose and stood upright, 
and behold your sheaves stood round about and 
made obeisance to my sheaf." Gen. xxxvii, 7. 

6. What was his next dream ?» 

A. " The sun and the moon and the eleven 
stars made obeisance to me," that is did bow 
down to or honor him. Gen. xxxvii, 9. 

7. How did his father treat Joseph after this 
dream ? 

A. " He rebuked him and yet he observed 
the saying." Id. 10 and 11 vs. 

8. Where did Jacob send Joseph when he 
was a lad ? 

A. To look for his brothers and see if they 
and the flocks were well. 

9. Did he ever come back to Jacob ? 
A. No. 

10. What became of hiin ? 

A. His brothers sold him to some Ishmael- 
ites that were going down to Egypt. 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 17 

SEVENTH LESSON. 
JOSEPH — {continued.) 

1. How was Joseph treated in Egypt ? 

A. Someliin.es .very well and sometimes very 
badly. 

2. Why was he cast into prison ? 

A. Because the wife of his master, Potiphar, 
made a false accusation against him. 

3. How was he released ? 

A. To interpret two singular dreams that 
Pharoah had had. 

4. Did Joseph explain them ? 
A. Yes. 

5. How was he rewarded T 

A. He was raised to be chief man in all 
Egypt. Gen. xli, 41. 

(3. What did Pharoah's dream mean ? 

A. That there would be seven years of plen- 
ty and seven years of famine. 

7. What did Joseph do in the seven years 
af plenty? 

A. He had the corn put away in cities. 

8. What did other people do when the fam- 
ne came ? 

A. They went to Egypt to buy corn. 

9. What persons came whom Joseph knew ? 
A. Ten of hia brothers. 

10. How did Joseph treat them at first ? 
A. Very harshly. 



18 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

11. When did he make himself known to 
them ? 

A. When they had brought their youngest 
brother, Benjamin, den. xlv, 3. 

12. What charge did be give them when he 
sent them back for their father? 

A. " See that ye fall not out by the way " 
Ibid., 240. 

18. What is the first lesson that we mav 
learn from the history of Joseph ? 

A. That we should not be proud if our parents 
love us more than their other children. 

14. What other lesson may we learn? 

A. That brothers should love each other, 
and never quarrel. 

15. What lesson does it teach us about tell- 
ing lies? 

A. That avoiding to tell the truth — as Jo- 
seph's brothers did, when they sold him — not 
only gives pain to others, but brings trouble 
upon ourselves. Gen. xlii, 21. 

16. Because Joseph s dream came true, ought 
we to depend on ours ? 

A. No. Because in old times God made 
known his will in visions and dreams, but now 
we have the Bible to teach us our duty. 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 19 

EIGHTH LESSON, 

MOSES. 

* 

^ 1. How did the Egyptians treat the Israel- 
ites after the death of Joseph ? 

A. There arose another king, who knew not 
Joseph, and he placed over them severe task- 
masters. Ex. i, 10-14. 

2. What cruelty did he wish to inflict on 
them ? 

A. that every male child should be destroy- 
ed. J 

3. How was Moses preserved ? 

A. His mother made an ark of bull-rushes 
ind put him in i^ and laid it in the flags bv 
!he river's hank. Ex. ii, 3, 

4. What great person saw it ? 

A. Pharoah's daughter. Id. ii, 5. 

5. What did she do when she saw the little 
mild weeping ? 

A. She sent his sister, who stood near to 
ratch the ark, to go and call a nurse of the 
lebrew women for him. Id. ii, 7 and 8. 

6. What name did she give him ? 

A. Moses, because she drew him out of the 
rater. Id. 10. 

7. How was he taught ? 

A. In all % learning of the Egyptians — 
Lets, vii, 22. 6JT 

8. What caused Moses to leave Egypt the 
rsttime? bJ * 



20 HISTORICAL CATECHISSf 

A. He saw an Egyptian abusing a Hebrew 
and he killed him; but afterwards when he 
wanted to settle a quarrel between two He- 
brews, one of them asked if he would kill him, 
as he did the Egyptian, and Moses fled,. Ex. 
ii, 11-15. 

9. Where did he go ? 
A. To Midian. 

10. How was he pleased there 1 

A. He was content to dwell there,: aa&il God 
appeared to him in the burning bush. Ex. ii, 
21,. and iii, 2. 

11. What did God tell him ? 

A. That he must return to Egypt aad lead 
the Israelites to the Promised Land. Ex. iii, 
10. 

12. Did Pharaoh let the Israelites go? 

A. Mo; not until God had sent Ten Plagues 
en the Egyptians. 

13. What end did Pharaoh meet? 

A. He and and his host were swallowed up 
in the Red Sea. 

14. What became of the Israelites ? 

A. After crossing the Red Sea in safety, 
they wandered about in the wilderness for forty 
years, because they often rebelled against God. 

15. Where did Moses die? 

A. On the top of Mt. Nebc*, from which be 
looked at the Promised Land; but was not al- 
lowed to enter it, because at one time, he be- 



ON'TffE OLD TESTAMENT. 23 

Came vexed with the people for their murmurs. 
Deu. xxxii, 49-51. 

16. From thft lesson wbat may we learn of 
God's. providence ? 

A. That he takes care of individuals and 
nations 

17. And what may we learn of His justice ?' 
A. That he will punish every sin, even the> 

slightest, as is seen in the destruction of Pha- 
raoh and his host, and in the death of Moses 
before reaching 'Canaan. 

NINTH LESSON 

JOSHUA. 

1. Who was Joehua ? 

A. The son of Nun and the successor of 
Mo&ea 

2. What is the meaning of Joshua? 

A. It is derived from a Hebrew word (Ye- 
losbua) " Saviour," or " whose salvation is Jc- 
iovah." 

3. What did he do '? 

A. He led the children of Israel into the 
and of Canaan. 

4. How did they cross the Jordan ? 

A. .The Lord caused the waters to be kept 
tack, and they became a heap, and the people 
irossed over on*>dry ground. Josh, iii, 16. 

5. What did they do with the stones they 
•rough t out of the middle of the river ? 



22 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

A. They set them up at Gilgal 5 , as a memo 
rial of their having crossed Jordan on dry 
land. Id. iv, 20, 22. * 

6. When did the Manna cease on which they 
had been fed during their journey through the 
wilderness? 

A. Just so soon as they had eaten of the 
corn in Canaan. Id. v, 12. 

7. How was Jericho taken ? 

A. As the Israelites went around it for the 
seventh time on the seventh day, and the 
priests blew their trumpets, and the people 
shouted, the waifs fell down flat. Id. v, 14, 15 
and 20. 

8. When the Israelites were destroying it* 
inhabitants, whom did they preserve ? 

A. Rahab and her family ; because she hid 
the messengers whom Joshua sent be-fore to 
spy out the land. Id. vi, 25 and ii, 15. 

9. What was done with Achan and his fami- 
ly for taking some of the spoils ? 

A. They were stoned and then burnt with 
the articles they -had taken. Id. Hi, 21,. 24 
and 25. 

10. What mirae-le did Joshua perform at 
Gibeon 'I 

A. He commanded the sun and moon to 
stand still, until the people had avenged them- 
selves on their eneoiies. Id. x, 13. 

11. Is there any other instance of this kind 
recorded in th«<WWi*? 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 23 

A. No ; none exactly, although God caused 
the shadow of the sua to go back ten degrees 
to prove to Hezekiah, when he was sick, that 
he should recover. Isa. xxxviii, 8. 

12. How was Caleb, who faithfully spied out 
the land of Canaan, rewarded ? 

A. Joshua gave him Hebron, a situation 
that he desired, for his inheritance. Josh, xiv, 
13. 

13. After the country was divided off to 
each tribe, how many cities were appointed 
for the refuge of the guilty ? 

A- Six. Id. xx,- 7, 8. 

14. When Joshua had finished all his labors, 
what resolution did he form ? 

A. " As for me and my house, we will serve 
the Lord." Id. xxiv, 15. 

15. How old was Joshua when he died ? 
A. One hundred and ten years. Id. xxiv, 

29.-I:* 

16. Where was he buried? 

A.. In Mount Epbraim. Id. xxiv, 30. 

Fourth Period. 
TENTH LESSON. 

JUDGES. 

1. After the death of Moses and Joshua, 
how was Israel governed ? 
A. By Judges. 



24 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

2. How long did they rule Israel ? 
A. About 300 years. 
8. What were their duties?* 
A. To govern, protect and instruct the peo- 
ple. Judges ii, 16, 19; iv, 5. 

4. Who were some of the most noted judges? 
A. Deborah, Gideon, Samson, Eli and Sam- 
uel. 

5. Who was Deborah? 

A. A prophetess of the Lord. Judges iv, 4. 

6. How did she overcome Jabin, who had 
oppressed Israel ? 

A. She called to her assistance Barak. Id. 
iv, 60. 

7. How was Sisera treated, who commanded 
Jabin's army ? 

A. He was conquered, and when flying, he 
went into the tent of Jael to hide himself, and 
while asleep she drove a nail into his temples. 
Id. iv, 22; v, 24, 27 

8. By what signs did Gideon wish to test 
whether the Lord would deliver Israel by him 
from the Midianites ? 

A. He prayed that God would allow a sheep- 
skin, that he put out at night, to be wet with 
dew, while the earth around was dry. And 
again he prayed, that the skin might bo dry and 
the earth wet. Id. vi, 37, 39. 

9. Did God answer his request ? 

A. Yes; the skin was so wet he could wring 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 



25 



out the water in the morning. And it was dry 
the night he prayed it might be so, and the 
earth was wet. Id. vi, 38, 40. 

10. How many men were chosen by Gideon 
to deliver Israel? 

A. Three hundred. Judges vii, 8. 

11. How were they selected? 

A. From thirty.two thousand that had as- 
sembled, he was to take three hundred that 
lapped up water in their hands, when -they 
went to drink; while those who stooped on 
their knees were to be left. Id. vii, 6/7. 

12. How were they armed? 

A. With an earthen pitcher containing a 
light in their left hands and a trumpet in their 
right. Id. vii, 20. 
^12. What use did they make of them ? 

A. They attacked the Midianites by night, 
and as they approached them, they broke the 
pitchers and blew the trumpets, and cried, " the 
sword of the Lord and of GideWn," and they so 
alarmed them that their enemies fled and fell 
upon each other, and those that were not killed 
by their countrymen, were pursued by Israel. 
Judges vii, 19, 23. 

ELEVENTH LESSON 

-SAMSON. 

1. Besides being Judge of Israel, for what 
was Samson noted t 



26 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

A. For his great strength. 

2. How did he first show it ? 

A. By killing a lion. Judges xiv, 6. 

3. Where was he going when he slew the 
lion ? 

A. He was going with his parents to Tiin- 
uath, to see the Philistine woman whom he 
desired to marry. Id. xiv, 5. 

4. Wby did his parents not wish him to mar- 
ry her? 

A. Because God had forbidden the Israel- 
ites to intermarry with the surrounding nations. 
Joshua xxiii, 12, 13. 

5. When Samson afterwards saw bees mak- 
ing honey in the lion's carcass, what riddle did 
he propose to his wife's friends? 

A. " Out of the eater came forth meat, and 
out of the strong came forth sweetness." — 
Judges, xiv, 14. 

6. How did they find it out ? 

A. They persuaded his wife to get him to 
teil her; though he had not mentioned it evea 
to his father and mother. 

7. How did he get the garments and other 
things he had promised them if they would 
tell it ? 

A. He went down to Ashkelon and slew 
thirty Philistines, and took their spoil, and 
gave change of garments to those who- ex- 
pounded the riddle. Id. xiv, 19. 



OS THE OLD TESTAMENT; &-( 

8. How many Philistines diiHe kill at L'ehi 
with the jaw-bone of an ass? 

A. One thousand. Id. xt, 15. 

9. How did Samson at last fallintp the 
hands of the Philistines? 

A, Delilah, a Philistine woman, enticed him 
to tell wherein hfe great strength lay. _ And as 
soon as she had found out, she made him sleep 
upon her knees, and had his locks shaven off: 
Id. xvi, 4, 20. 

10. What did they do with him ? 

A. They put out his eyes, and bound him 
with fetters of brass, and made him grind in 
the prison. Id. 21. . 

11. How did he avenge himself when his 
hair had grown out ? 

A. He pulled down upon himself a house in 
which there were three thousand and more- 
Philistines. Id. xvi, 23, 30. 

12. What may Samson's history teach us ? 

A. That the greatest bodily* strength,_ com- 
bined with a high degree of cunning, will not 
secure for us safety or happiness, when we dis,- 
obey our parents or the commands of God. 
TWELFTH LESSON 

RUTH. 
1. What remarkable person lived in the time 
of the Judges, whose history occupied a whole 
book of the Bible? 



28 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

A. Ruth. 

2. Where did she live ? 
A. In the land of Moab. 

3. How then is her history so fully given is 
the Bible ? 

A. Because she married an Israelite, which 
happened in this way : Elimelech, of Bethle- 
hem-Judah, @ed, ; to Moab, with his wife, Na- 
omi, and his two sons, during a famine in Ca- 
naan. Then his two sons married Orpah and 
Ruth. At length, Elimelech and both his sons 
died, leaving Naomi alone. 

4. What did she resolve to do? 

A. To return to the land of Judah. Until, 

i,7- 

5. Who went with her some distance ? 
A. Her two daughters-in-law. Id. i, 7 

6. What did Naomi say to them ? 

A. u Go,, return each to" her mother's house. 
The Lord deal kindly with yoa, as ye have 
dealt with the d«ad and with me." Id. i, 8 

7 Did they both return ? 

A. Orpah went hack, but Ruth clave unto 
her and said, "Entreat me not to leave thee or 
to return from following after thee; for wheth- 
er thou goest, I will go; and where thou lodg- 
es t, I will lodge"; thy people shall be my people, 
and thy God my God ; where thou diest, will 
I die, and there will I be buried." Id. i, 10 
and 17. 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 29 s 

8. What other daim, besides her piety, did 
Suth have, to be mentioned in the Bible ? 

A. She married Boaz, a relative of her first 
husband, and thi» she became the mother of 
Obed, who was the fattier of Jesse, the father 
ef "David}--' from 'whom' Christ sprung. -'"Id.~'iv7" 
13, 17. 

EIJ. 

9. In, whom among the Judges, have we an 
example of sinful indulgence towards his child- 
ren •? 

A. In Eli. 

10. What did he say to his sons, when their 
wicked conduct was reported to him? 

A. "Nay, my sons, for it is no good report I 
hear." 1 Sam. ii, 22. 

11. How did God punish Eli and his sons 7 
A. He himself and most of his sons died 

violent deaths. 

12. Which two of his sons were billed by 
the Philistines ? 

A. Hophni and Phineas. Id. iv, 17. 

13. What caused the death of Eli ? 

A. A messenger ran to tell him of the victo- 
ry of the Philistines, the death of his sons and 
the capture of the Ark at Aphek. And as ho 
mentioned, that the Ark of God was taken r 
"Eli fell from off his seat backwards, and his 
neck brake and he died ; for he was an old man 
and heavv." 1 Sam. iv. 13. 17 and 18. 



SO HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

THIRTEENTH LESSON 

SAMUEL. 

1. Who was the last of the Judges ? 
A. Samuel. 

2. Why was h« so called ? 

A. Because his mother had prayed mos4 
earnestly for him, and was h«ard and answer- 
ed by God. 1 Sam: i, 20. 

3. Who were his parents? 

A. Elkanah and Hannah. Id. 19 and 20. 

4. . As soon as he was old enough to be wean- 
«d where did his mother leave him? 

A. With Eli im the house of th« Lord at 
Shiloh. 1 Sam. i, 24.* 

5. How did Samuel succeed in his duties of 
ministering In the Lord's house? 

A. " The child Samuel grew in favor both 
with the Lord and also with men." 1 Sam. 
ii, 26. 

6. What is the most remarkable event of 
Samuel's life? 

A. His call by God. 

7. When did it occur? 

A. Just after they had gone to bed. 

8. When Samuel heard the Lord call him by 
name, who did he think he was ? 

A. Eli ; for he went to Eli each time and 
said, "Thou didst call me." 

9. What beautiful answer did Eli at last tell 
him to make if he heard the voice asain ? 



ON THE OIJ) TESTAMENT. 



31 



A; " Speak Lord for thy servant beareth." 
1 Sam. Hi, 9. 

10. What did the Lord tell Samuel about? 

A. The punishment, of Eli and his family. 
Id. iii, 13. 
•« 11. How ,4"id Eli receive the fearful tidings ? 

A. He said, ''It is the Lord, let him do 
what seemeth him good." Id. iii, 18. 

12. After Samuel had told Eli the things 
that would happen to him and his family, how 
was he regarded by the people ?' 

A. As a Prophet. 1 Sam. iii, 20. 

13. Though the people knew that Samuel 
was a prophet of the Lord, and that he had 
been faithful and just in judging them, how 
did they at last treat him ? 

A. They said unto him, "Behold thou art 
old and* thy sons walk not in thy ways; now 
make us a king to judge us like all the na 
tions." 1 Sam. viii, 5. 

14. How did God encourage Samuel ? 

A. And the Lord said unto him, " Hearken 
unto the voice of the people in all that they 
say unto thee; for they have not rejected thee, 
but they have rejected me, that I should cot 
reign over them." 1 Sam. viii, t. 

15. Where was Samuel buried ? 
A. At Ramah. 1 Sam. xxv, 1. 



32 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

, Fifth. Period. 

FOURTEENTH LESSON. 

Saul, son of Ki&h. 

1. Who was the first Kingof Israel? 
A. Saul, the son of Kish. 

2. For what was he most noted ? 

A. For his great size and beauty ; "from hia 
shoulders and upwards, he was higher than any 
of th£ people." 1 Sam. ix, 2. 

3. How did Samuel meet with him ? 

A. Saul was'sceking his father's asses, and 
when he could not find them, his servant told 
him to enquire about them of Samuel, the pro- 
phet. 

4. HoW did Samuel treat him? 

A. He told him that the asses had been 
found, and that upon him was the "desire of 
all Israel ; and then brought him and his ser- 
vant in and made them sit in the chiefest 
place. 1 Sam. ix, 20, 22. 

5. What did Samuel do to Saul before they 
separated ? 

A. He anointed him as king, by pouring a 
vial of oil ori his head. Id. x, 21. 

6. What occurred to Saul after he left ? 
A. " Gcd gave him another heart." Id. x, 

9. 

7. What did the people say when they saw 
Saul prophesying ? 



ON THE OED TESTAMENT. 33 

A. " Is Saul also among the pjpphets ?" Id. 
x, 11, and xix, 24. 

8. Where was he £rst publicly recognized 
as king?. 

A. At Mizpeh, when all the people shouted 
and said, "God save the'king." Id. x, 24, 

9. What was the first instance of Saul'.s 
transgressing the laws of God? 

A. At Gilgal he offered a burnt offering with 
his own handay which no one but a priest was 
allowed to do. Id. xiii, 9. 

10. What was his second failure in duty? 
A. The Lord commanded him to destroy the 

Amelekites with every living creature they pos- 
sessed; but Saul saved Agag, their king, alive, 
and the^best of the sheep and oxen to sacrifice 
to the Lord. Id. xv, 3, 9, 20. 

11. What did Samuel say ? 

A. " Hath the Lord as great delight in 
burnt offerings and sacrifices as in obeying the 
voice of the Lord ?„ Behold, to obey is better 
than sacrifice ; and to hearken than the fat of 
rams." Id. xv, 22. 

12. What was the result of theiminterview? 

A.. Samuel refused to have any further com- 
munication with Saul, and as he was turning 
off, Saul laid hold on the skirt of his mantle 
and. it rent.- Then said Samuel, " The Lord 
has rent the kingdom of Israel from thee." 
Id. xv, 26, 27; 28. 

c 



34 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

13. What was the last act of folly in Saul? 
A. Inquiring of the witch of Endor. Id. 

xxviii, 7, 14. 

14. What did he learn? 

A. That the next day be should be with 
Samuel, whom the witch called up from the 
dead, that is, that he and his sons should die 
next day. Id. xxviii, 19. 

15. Was the information correctj 

A. Yes, for " Saul died, and his three sons, 
and his armor-bearer, and all his men." Id, 
xxxi, 6. 

16. What is the first lesson we may learn 
from Saul's history ? 

A. That great personal beauty is of no ad- 
vantage, unless accompanied by correct religi- 
ous principles. 

17. And what other lesson may we learn 
from the fact of Saul's capacity to prophesy ? 

A. That a high degree of religious excite- 
ment does not constitute real piety, and will 
not be sufficient for our salvation, unless accom- 
panied by a strict obedience to the commands 
of God. 

FIFTEENTH LESSON. 

DAVID. 

1. Who was the second king of Israel? 
A. David. 

2. Where did he live ? 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 35 

A. In Bethlehem. 

3. What was his appearance when his father 
sent to call him for Samuel to see whether the 
Lord had chosen him f 

A. " He was rffddy and of a beautiful coun- 
tenance." ISam.xvi, 12. 

4. What did Samuel do to him ? 

A. He.anointed him in the midst of his 
brethren. Id. 13, 

5. What was the first public feat David per- 
formed? r 

A. He killed Goliath, a giant of the Philis- 
tine army. 1 Sam. xvii. 

6. Why did he not fear to go out against 

him ? " o , o - 

A. Because he said, " The Lord that de. 
Jivered me out of tbe paw of the lion, and out of 
the pa W of the bear, will deliver me out of the 
hand of this Philistine;." Id. 37 

7. When David was introduced to Saul, af- 
ter he had slain the giant, how did Jonathan 
reel towards him? 

A. "The soul of Jonathan was knit to the 
soul of Davidi and Jonathan loved him as his 
own soul." 1 Sam. xviii, 1. 

8. What did David say in his lament at the 
death of Jonathan ? 

A. " I am distressed for thee, my brother 
Jonathan, very pleasant hast thou been unto 
me; thy love to me was wonderful, passing the 
love of women." 2 Sam. i, 26. 



36 HISTORICAL CATECHISSf 

9. Yet how was David treated by Saul T 
A r Saul was continually trying to kill him>, 

because he became- jealous of David's populari- 
ty. 1 Sam. xviii, 7, 8, 9, 10, &c , to xxvii. 

10. Notwithstanding this aonstant persecu- 
tion, what was David's success ?' 

A. He escaped o«t of the hand of Saul, and 
was croWned King of Judah, first at Hebron, 
and then, seven years afterwards, of Israel, 
also. 2 Sam. ii, 4, and v, 3. 

SIXTEENTH WESSON 

DAVID — {continued.) 

1. Did David continue to be prosperous ? 
A. Yes, until he caused the death of Uriah, 

(by sending him in the most dangerous plaees 
in battle) so that he might marry Uriah's beau- 
tiful wife. 2 Sam. xii. 

2. In what way did God teaeh David the 
sinfulness of his conduct ? 

A. He sent Nathan the prophet, to tell him 
the parable of the pet ewe Iamb. 2 Sam. xii, 
1-16. 

3. What did David answer whea Nathatj 
said "Thou ajtthe man?" 

A. " I have sinned." Id. 13. 

4. What reply did Nathan make ? 

A. " The Lord hath put away thy sin ; nev- 
ertheless, the sword shall never depart from 
ihy house." 2 Sam. xii, 10 and 13. 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT, 37 

5, Was this threat eatried out ? 
A. Yes ; one after another of David's family 
were tilled. 3 

_ 6. Orer ; which ef fei s -sons did David utter 
the most bitter lament? 

A. Over Absalom: "O, my son Absalom, 
my son, my son ^b S afc m ; would Godt ^ 

Aed for thee, 0, Absalom, my son, my sou " 2 
oam. xvm, 33. . _ ' 

- 7. Notwithstanding this sia of David, (which 
he regretted afterwards so pathetically in the 
olst Psalm) what redeeming desire did he ex- 

-A. A wish to build a house for God, the 
would not allow him to put tf up, because he 
Chron^ii TnaKefblG0d - / 2 Sam. vii, audi 

, 8 " . Be8 jdes. being. a great warrior, for what 
eJse- was David distinguished ? 
p A. For heing the author of most of the 
rsa-lms; a book which is more frequently read 
than any other in the Bible. 

9. When did he compose them ? 

A. At every period of his life; but gener- 
ally whUe in affliction or. flying from Saul. 

10, What is one of the most remarkable fea- 
tures of David's history and one that should 
most interest every human beting? 

A. The fact that he was one of the forefath- 



38 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

ers of Christ, and that he also prophesied of 
his coming. 

11. What important lesson may be learned 
from David's life ? 

A. That the highest gifts of body or miad 
will not avail to deliver us from temptation, 
unless we daily pray for the Holy Spirit. 

SEVENTEENTH LESSON 

SOLOMON. 

1. Who succeeded David as king ? 
A. Solomon. 

2. For what was he most noted? 
A. For his wisdom. 

3. How was it obtained? 

A. Through God. The Lord offered him 
the privilege to ask anything he desired, and 
Solomon said, "Give me, now, wisdom and 
knowledge, that I may go out and come in be- 
fore this people. For who can judge this thy 
people, that is so great." 1 Kings, iii, 9, and 
2- Chron. i, 10. 

4. When he made such a request, how did 
the Lord answer him ? 

A. "Lol have given thee a wise and an 
understanding heart, so that there was none 
like thee before thee, neither after thee shall 
any arise like unto thee. And I have also 
given thee that which thou hast not asked 
both riches and honor ; so that there shall not 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 39 

be any among the kings like unto thee. 1 
Kings, iii, 12 and 13." 

5. What was the first proof Solomon gave 
of his wisdom? 

A. There were iwo women living in the same 
house, and each of them had a child of the 
same age. But one of the children died and 
its mother went and stole the other child, while 
its mother was sleeping. Both of them came 
to Solomon .claiming the living child, aDd when 
there was no proof to which of them it belong- 
ed, Solomon ordered it to be cut in two and 
divided between them. The false mother was 
satisfied ;' but the re&l mother begged that it 
might be given to the other woman rather than 
have it injured. So he knew it was hers, and 
eommanded it to be given to her. 1 Kings, 
iii, 16-27. 

_ 6. Besides being Judge, in what other way 
did Solomon show his wisdom ? 

A. As ^ an author. :" He spake three thou- 
sand proverbs, and his songs were a thousand 
and five. And he' spake of trees from the 
cedar tree that is in Lebanon even unto the 
hyssop that springeth out of the wall ; he also 
spake of beasts and of fowl and of creeping 
things and of fishes. 1 Kings, iv, 32, 33. 

7. What was the work for which the reign 
of Soloman was most distinguished? 

A. The building of the Temple. 



40 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

8. What was the most remarkable fact about 
its being built, when" we consider its size and 
the variety of its ornaments ? 

A. " There was neither hammer nor axe, 
nor any tool of iron heard in the house, while 
it was in building." 1 Kings, vi, 7. 

9. What other buildings did Solomon put 
up? 

A. His own house, which was thirteen years 
in building, the house of the forest of Lebanon, 
Porch of Judgment, house for Pharaoh's 
daughter, besides the wall of Jerusalem. 1 
Kings, in, and vii, 1-8. 

10. Besides being the wisest man, for what 
else was Solomon noted ? 

A. For his great wealth ; for he made silver 
to be in Jerusalem as stones. 1 Kings, x, 23 
and 27. 

11. What is said of the Queen of Sheba af- 
ter she had seen the glory of Solomon? 

A. " There Was no more spirit in her," for 
she said, "The half was ■ not told me." 1 
.Kings, x, 5 and 7. 

12. Notwithstanding all his wisdom and 
glory, how did his sti-ange wives affect the con- 
duct of Solomon ? 

A. They caused'him to sin. 

13. Did he repent of his folly ? 

A. It is to be hoped so; as he uses words 
like these in closing Ecclesiastes, "Vanity of 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 41 

vanities, saith the preacher, all is vanity." — 
Ecel. xii, 8. 

EIGHTEENTH LESSON. 

Rehoboam and the Revolt of the Ten 
Tribes. 

1. "Who succeeded Solomon on the throne of 
Israel ? 

A. His only son, Rehoboam. 

2. Did he enjoy a prosperous reign ? 

A. No ) one of the most disastrous events to 
the kingdom occurred, namely, the withdrawal 
of the Ten Tribes from Judah and Benjamin. 

3. By whom was it instigated? 

A. By Jeroboam, the son of Nebat. 1 Kings 
xii, 1-15. 

4. What hopes "had been held up to Jero- 
boam before the death of Solomon ? 

A. The prophet Ahijah had told him that 
God would give him ten tribes of Israel. 1 
Kings, xi, 23-40. 

5. What was the immediate cause of the 
separation ? 

A. The harsh answer that Rehoboam made 
to the people, when they asked him to lighten 
the grievous yoke under which they had labor- 
ed in his father's reign. 1 Kings, xii, 13, 14. 

6. But was Jeroboam any better than Re- 
hoboam ? 

A. No. He is the one " who made Israel 



42 



HISTORICAL CATECHISM 



to sin." 1 Kings, .xii, 25-33 — xiii, 33, 34— 
xiv, 16. 

Note. — The following question may be omitted, or 
only portions of the answer recited according to the 
selection of the teacher. -. The names in italics are 
those of good kings, who promoted true religion. 

7. What Kings succeeded Rehoboam and 
Jeroboam? 



A. Successors 


of Re- 


B.C 


Successors of J 


oboam were 




boam were 


Abijah, or Abij 


am, 


957 




Asa, 




955 








954 


Nadab, 






952 


Baasha, 






930 


Elah, 






929 


Zimri, 






929 


. Omri, 






918 


Ahab, 


Jehoshaphat, 




914 








897 


Ahaziah, 






896 


Jehoram or Joraiu, 


Jehoram. 




889 




Ahaziah, 




884 




Athaliah, 




883 


Jehu, 


Joash, or Jehpash, 


877 








856 


Jehoahaz, 






840 


Jehoash or Joash h 


Amaziah, 




838 








824 


Jeroboam II. 


Uzziah, or Azariah, 


810 








772 


Zechanah. 






771 


Shallum, 






771 


Menahem, 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 



43 





160 


Pekahiah, 




759 


Pekab, 


Jotham, 


758 




Aliaz, 


742 






730 


Hoshea, 


Hezehiah, 


727 






722 


Captivity of 10 Tribes. 


Manasseh, 


696 




Am on, 


641 




Josiah, 


639 




Jehoahaz, 


609 




Jehoiakim, 


608 




Jelioiachin, 


599 




Zedekiab, - 


598 




Captivity of Judah. 


588 




NINETEEN 


TH LESSON 



KINGS OF JUDAH. 



KINGS OF ISRAEL. 



\ 



Ahab, 
Jehoshaphat. \ Elijah. [- Ahaziah, 
( ) Jehoram. 

1. For what were the successors of Jeroboam 
and E-ehoboam remarkable ? 

A. Most of them were remarkable either for 
their great wickedness or great goodness. 

2. Are they all worthy of being remember- 
ed? 

A. No. Because some of them reigned so 
short a time that it was impossible for them to 
have achieved anything noble. 

3. How then shall we continue the history 
of the Bible — what shall we takers a guide for 
its chronology ? 



44 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

A. The Prophets. Because they beeame 
much move distinguished than their sovereigns. 

4. What good king lived in Judah before 
the appearanee of Elijah? 

A Asa. 

5. During the reign of what kings did Elijah 
prophesy ? 

A. During the reign of Jehoshaphat king 
of Judah, and that of Ahab, Ahaziah and Je- 
lioram kings of Israel. 

6. To whom was Elijah sent ? 

A. To Ahab, king of Israel. 1 Kg*s xvii, 1. 

7 What was Elijah's origin or descent? 

A. There is no mention in the Bible of his 
parents or of his previous history; until it is 
eaid, "And Elijah, theTishbite, of the inhabi- 
tants of Giliad, said unto Ahab." Id. 

8. What is the meaning of Elijah's name? 
A. (Ail Jehovah) God Jehovah hath sent 

sue. 

9. What was the first announcement Elijah 
made to Ahab ?■ 

A. "As the Lord God of Israel liveth, be- 
fore whom I stand, there shall not be dew nor 
rain these years, but according to my word." 
Id. 
20. How was Elijah fed at the brook Cherith? 

A. By Ravens. Id. 4-6. 

11. Where did he go when the brook dried 
up? 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 45 

A. To Zarepbath sear Sidon. Id. 9 v. 

12. How was he fed there ? 

A. By a Widow, who bad only a handful 
of meal, and a little oil in a cruse; yet they 
sever failed. Id. 14-16. 

13. HowVas the Widow afflicted? 
A. By the death of her son. Id. 18. 

14. How was he restored to life ? 

A. By the prayers of Elijah. Id. 22. 

TWENTIETH LESSON 
ELIJAH — (continued.') 

1. How did Ahab address Elijah when tbe 
Lord sent him to* Ahab in the third year of 
the famine ? 

A. " Art thou he that troubleth Israel ?" — 
1 Kings, xviii, 17. 

2. What did Elijah require him to do ? 

A. " To gather all Israel unto Mt. CarmeL 
with the 450 prophets of Baal, and the 400 
prophets of the grove." Id. xviii, 19. 

8. What test did Elijah offer to prove which 
was the true prophet, himself or Baal's? 

A. They were eaeh to offer a sacrifice, and 
whosesoever was consumed by fire from heaven 
that man was to be regarded the true prophet. 
Id. 32-38. 

4. Whom did the Lord answer? 
A. Elijah. 

5. What did Elijah do with the prophets of 
Baal? 



46 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

A. He killed them all. Id. 40. 

6. What did he tell Ahab to do? 

A. To hasten home ; for there would be a 
storm. Id. 41-46. 

7. What did Jezebel, the Queen, say when 
she heard that her prophets had been destroy- 
ed ? 

A. That she would kill Elijah. 1 Kings, 
xix, 2. 

8. What became- of Elijah? 

A. He fled to the wilderness and " request- 
ed for himself that he might die." 1 Kings, 
xix, 25. 

9. How was he comforted ? ' 

A. An angel appeared unto him and suppli- 
ed him with food and sent him to.Mt. Horeb, 
where God addressed him " in a still small 
voice." Id. 5-12. 

10. What directions did the voice give him? 
A. To anoint Jehu king over Israel and Eli- 

sha, the prophet, to be his own successor. Id. 
16. 

] 1. What was the end of the wicked Ahab 
and Jezebel? 

A. They were both killed and the dogs lick- 
ed their blood according to the word of Elijah. 
1 Kings, xxi, 19, do xxii, 38—2 do ix, 30-37. 

12. What was the end of Elijah? 

A. Like the beginning of his life, his' end 
was mysterious. The Lord took him to heaven 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 47 

in a chariot of fire, in the presence of Elisha, 
on whom he let his mantle fall. 2 Kings, n, 

13. ' , ,. . 

13 Is there any other mention of him m 

'the Bible? , flVl 

A. Yes. At the transfiguration ot Ltm^ 
Elijah and Moses talked with him. Luke, ix, 
30. 

Beside John the Baptist, came in the power 
and spirit of Elijah or Elias, as he is often 
called in the New'Testameut. 

Note.— See Krummacher's " Elijah the Tis'.ibit?." 
TWENTY-FIRST LESSON. 

KINGS OF JUDAH. KINGS OF ISRAEL. 

Jehoramor f 1 Jehoram or 

Joram, | B. C. | ' Jor " 

Ahaziah, \ I J ehu - 

Athaliab, \ g94-838 } Jehoahw, 

Jehoash or | 

Josh, J Elisha. 
Amaziah, " (_ 

1. "Who succeeded Elijah as prophet? 
A. Elisha. 

2. How was he called ? 

A. Elijah cast his mantle on him while he 
was ploughing in the field, (1 Kings, xix, la, 
21,) and" also let it fall for him, when he was 



Joram, 

j 
Jehoash, 



48 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

going tip to heaven in a chiiriot of fire. 2 
Kings, ii, 14. 

3. What is the meaning of the name Elisha ? 
A. " God the Deliverer," from two Hebrew 

words. 

4. Why so called ? 

A. Because most of his miracles were of a 
merciful character. 

5. Which were the only two that inflicted 
pain ? 

A. The destruction of 42 children at Bethel 
by two she bears, and the transferring Naa- 
man's leprosy to his own servant Gehazi. 

6. Why were the children destroyed? 

A. Because they laughed at Elisha and said 
" Go up, thou, bald head." It is thought by 
some writers that they took the name of God 
in vain and were punished more severely on 
that account. 

7. What lesson should this teach children ? 
A. To respect old age and to reverence God 

and his prophets. 

8. What was the nature of the leprosy? 

A. It was a loathsome disease^ which caused 
its victims to be separated from all society, and 
was regarded as incurable. Kitto's Cyclopedia. 

9. How did Naaman, who was a Syrian lord, 
hear of Elisha's power to cure his leprosy ? 

A. He heard of Elisha through a Hebrew 
maid that his wife had, and who inquired of 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 49 

her mistress, why Naaman did not go to the 
prophet in her country. 

10. Was Naaman willing to obey the simple 
directions of Elisha to wash seven times in the 
Jordan ?■ 

A. No, because he was a proud man and 
thought the prophet would come out, and call 
on his God over him. 2 Kings v, 11. 

11. But after Naaman was induced by his 
followers, to obey the prophet, how did he act 
towards him ? 

A. He returned to Elisha and offered him 
every thing in his power. 

12. Did Elisha accept any of his presents ? 
A. No. 

13. Why was Gehazi so severely punished 
for going after Naaman ? 

A. Because he told a lie and made it appear 
that Elisha had a mercenary spirit in the bless- 
ing he bestowed. 

14. What may we learn from Elisha's char- 
acter '! 

A. 1st, that we should be faithful in every 
lawful occupation. For he was faithful as a 
ploughman. 1 Kgs. xix, 19-21; then as a 
Superintendant of the Sons of the prophets. 
2 Kgs. ii, 3-^ a t Bethel and Jericho, and 

2d. That we should be disinterested in the 
good we do. 



50 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

15. What was the last miracle wrought by 
Elisha or through his influence ? 

A. When the Israelites were burying a man, 
the Moabites invaded their land, and when 
they saw them coming, they " cast the man 
into the sepulchre of Elisha; and when the 
man was let down and touched the bones of 
Elisha, he revived and stood upon his feet." 
2 Kgs. xiii, 20, 21.. 

The Prophets. 

1. What is the meaning of the word prophet? 
A. A foreteller of future events. 

2. What else was a prophet sometimes called? 
A. A. seer. 

3. Who have the title of prophets properly? 
A. Those whose predictions have been pre- 
served and collected together separately. 

4. How many were they ? 
A. Sixteen. 

5. Were there any others ? 

A. Several. Moses, Elijah, Elisha, &c. 

6. How are the regular prophets divided ? 
A. Into, Major and Minor : or Greater and 

Less, according to the length of their writings. 

7 . Are they arranged according to the time 
at which they wrote ? 

A. No ! according to the length of their 
productions, the longest coming first. 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 51 

TWENTY-SECOND LESSON 

JONAH. 

1. What prophet lived in Israel at the same 
time with Elisha? 

A. Jonah. 

2. From what is the name derived in He- 
brew? 

A. From Yonah, a dove, and that again 
comes from the verb Yon, to boil up, be in a 
ferment or excitement. 

3. What is his early history? 

A. He was the son of Amittai, of Grath- 
hephuer, a town in Zebulon. 

4. What prophecy did he make concerning 
Israel ? 

A. That Jeroboam II, should conquer the 
Syrians and enlarge the boundaries of Israel 
on the North to Hamath, and on the South to 
the Dead Sea. 1 Kgs. xvi : 25, and Josephus' 
Antiq, ix, 10, 1. 

5. But for what is Jonah most celebrated? 
A. For his mission to Nineveh. 

6. Did he obey God when he commanded 
him to go to Nineveh ? 

A. No. He went down to Joppa, to take a 
ship going to Tarshish, which is supposed by 
some to mean Spain. Kitto's Encyl. and Jo- 
nah i, 3. 

7. Did he have a prosperous voyage ? 



52 BISTORICAL. CATECHISM 

A. No. There came up a great storm, which 
almost destroyed the ship, and when the sailors 
saw that they must perish, they east lots to see 
for whose sins the tempest was sent. 

8. Upon whom did the lot fall to be thrown 
into the sea ? 

A. Upon Jo-nab. 

9. Was he willing to submit to his fate ( 

A. Yes : he told them to do it. Jonah i ? 

10. "Did the storm abate then 1 
A. Yes. Id. 15. 

11. What became of Jonah? 

A. The Lord had prepared a great fish to 
swaliow up Jonah. And he was in the belly 
of the fish for three days and three nights. IT. 

12. How was be released ? 

A. He prayed unto the Lord, and the Lord 
spake unto the fish and it vomited out Jonah 
on the dry land. Jonah ii, 1-10. 

(On shores of Euxine or Black Sea. Jose- 

phus' Antiq.) 

13. What became of Jonah afterwards ( 

A. He went and preached to Nineveh. Jo- 
nah iii, 1-5. 

14. How large a city was it r 

A. It would have taken a man three days to 
walk in a straight line, through it, and there 
were so many people that there were 120,UUV 
children. -Jonah iii,. 3, and iv, 2. 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 53 

15. How did they receive Jonah's message 
that in forty days they would be destroyed if 
they "did not repent? 

A. They all obeyed, from the king to the 
meanest creature; for he proclaimed a fast, in 
which even the cattle were included. 

16. But was their repentance permanent, 
did it last long? 

A. No, for we find other prophets lamenting 
her pride, idolatry and cruelty, even after she 
had risen a second time to greatness. Nahum 
i, 3. Is. xlv, 24, Zeph. ii, 13, and Ez. xxxi. 

17. How was the city finally destroyed ? 

A. By Cyaxares, king of the Medes. 625 
B. C. Kitto. ' 

18. How did Jonah feel at the repentance 
of Nineveh ? 

A. " He was very angry," Jonah iv, 1. 

19. Was this the right spirit to manifest? 
A. No. God reproved him for it. Jonah 

iv, 2. 

20. What does the New Testament teach us 
of Jonah? 

A. 1st. That he was a type of Christ. Mat. 
xii, 40. 

2d. That if Nineveh repented at the preach- 
ing of Jonah, our condemnation will be more se- 
vere, if we reject Christ, who is so much grea- 
ter than Jonah. Mat. xii, 41. Mat. xvi, 4, 
and Luke xi ; 29, 30. 



54- HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

TWENTY-THIRD LESSON 

KING OP JITDAH. KING OF ISRAEL 

( Joel 7 

TJzaiah. -j to .V Jeroboam II. 

^ Judah. J 

1. To whom was Joel seat? 
A. To Judah. 

2. Is any thing known of his personal his- 
tory? 

A. Nothing, exeept what he states himself, 
that he was the son of Pethuel. Joel i, 1. 

3. How do his prophecies differ from those 
of later writers ? 

A. In not being so severe; because the peo- 
ple had not grown as wicked as they afterwards 
became. 

4. How does he represent an approaching 
calamity ? 

A. As an army of locusts. Id. i, 4. 

5. Did that prophfeey have but a single ful- 
fillment? 

A. It may have had several, and there may 
be others yet to be carried out. 

6. What promise should give us encourage- 
ment at this time, if we humble ourselves un- 
der the chastisement God is inflicting on us by 
our enemies? 

A. " But I will remove far off from you 
the Northern army," &c. Joel ii, 17-20. 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 55 

7. What promise furnishes the greatest com- 
fort to believers and one that has already been 
partially faithfully filled ? 

A. " I will pour out my spirit upon all flesh, 
and your sons and your daughters shall pro- 
phesy," &c. Joel ii, 28. Acts, ii, 16-21. 

KING OP JUDAH. KING OF ISRAEL- 

!Amos ~) 
to > Jeroboam II. 

Israel. j 

1. Who was Amos? 

A. A herdsman of Tekoa, a town six miles 
South of Bethlehem, in Judea. Robinson's 
« Biblical Researches," II Vol., 183. 

2. What does Amos say of his call ? 

A. " I was no prophet^; neither was I a pro- 
phet's son, and the Lord took me and said 
' Go prophecy unto my people Israel.' " Amos 
vii, 14, 15. 

3. What was the sycamine or sycamore fruit 
he gathered ? 

A. A kind of wild fig. " Burdu's Oriental 
Customs," p. 3. 

4. At what time did he make his first ap- 
pearance? 

A. Two years before the earthquake in the 
reign of Uzziah and Jeroboam. Amos i, 1. 

5. What does Tradition say of this earth- 
quake ? 



56 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

A. That it occurred when Uzziah approach- 
ed the altar to offer sacrifice with his own 
hands, and was struck with the Leprosy. 2 
Chron. xxvi, 16-21. 

6. Against whom does Amos direct his first 
prophesies ? 

A. Against the nations that surrounded 
Israel. Amos i. 

7 Yet what is to become of Judah and 
Israel if they continue in sin ? 

A. Judah is to be devoured with fire. Amos 
ii, 5; and Israel shall go into captivity. Id. 
vii, 17, &c. 

8. Is there no hope extended to them ? 

A. Yes. " In that day will I raise up the 
tabernacle of David, that is Christ. Amos ix, 
11-15. 

TWENTY-FOURTH LESSON 

KINGS OF JUDAH. KINGS OF ISRAEL. 

Jotham, r T . , ") 

Ahaz, I ™ h I Pekah, 

Hezekiah, 1 , , , °, T . f Hosea. 

Manasseh. ^ J 

1. Who was the most distinguished prophet? 
A. Isaiah. 

2. What is he often called ? 

A. The evangelical prophet ; because he 
speaks so clearly of Christ and the Gospel. Is. 
ix. liii, liv. 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 57 

3. What else is he sometimes styled ? 

A. The " Prince of Prophets," on account 
of the clearness, fullness and sublimity of his 
prophesies. 

4. What was one of the most remarkable 
events of his life ? 

A. His restoring the health of king Heze- 
kiah. 2 Kings xx, 1-7 

5. What proof did he give Hezekiah that 
he would get well ? 

A. He told him that the shadow from the 
sun should return ten degrees backward. 2 
Kings xx, 11. 

6. How was he again serviceable to Heze- 
kiah ? 

A. In encouraging him and his people when 
Jerusalem was besieged by Sennacherib. Is. 
xxxvii, and 2 Kings xix. 

7 How is he supposed to have died ? 

A. To have been sawn asunder by the wick- 
ed king Manasseh. Heb., xi, 37. 

HOSEA. 

1. At what time did Hosea prophecy ? 

A. During, and also previous to the time of 
Isaiah. 

2. Into how many parts may his writings be 
divided ? 

A. Into two parts, the first part consisting of 
the three first chapters^ represents the state of 



58 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

Israel by symbols. The second part copsisting 
of the rest of the book, contains prophesies 
about the immediate and remote future. 

3. Of what sin was Israel guilty ? 

A. Of Adultery, in departing from God, 
who had been to her a husband, as represented 
in the first symbol of the first chapter. 

4. What promise is granted in the close of 
the third chapter on the return of Israel to 
faithfulness ? 

A. Afterward shall the children of Israel 
return and seek the Lord their God, and David 
their King (i.e. Christ,) and shall fear the 
Lord and his goodness in the latter days. Hos. 
iii, 5. 

5. Of what other sins were the people guilty? 
A. " Of lying, killing and stealing." Id. 

iv, 2. 

6. How were Judah and Ephraim to be 
treated for seeking .foreign aid instead of the 
Lord ? 

A. God would " pour out his wrath on them 
like water," and " they shall be wanderers 
among the nations." Hos. v, 10, and ix, 17. 

7 What reference does Hosea make to 
Christ's resurrection, in encouraging the people 
to return to God ? 

A. " After two days will he revive us : in 
the third day he will raise us up." Hos. vi, 
2. Mat. xxvii, 63. 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 59 

TWENTY-FIFTH LESSOff 

KINGS OF JTJDAH. KINO OF ISRAEL. 

Jotham, f Micali \ 

Ahaz, 1 to v Hosea. 

Hezekiah. ( Judah and Israel. ), 

1. Where was Micah born and where did 
he prophecy ? 

A. He was born at Morasheh in Judah, and 
prophesied to the people of both kingdoms. 

2. How was he instrumental in saving Jere- 
miah's life at a much later period ? 

A. When Jeremiah had prophesied against 
the prosperity of Judah, in the reign of Jehoia- 
kim, if they went down to Egypt for help, the 
king and rulers became angry and threatened 
to punish him ; but the elders reminded them 
that Mieah and other prophets had declared 
the same things and suffered no harm. 

3. How does Micah speak of Christ's birth- 
place ? 

A. "But thou Bethlehem, Ephratah/though 
thou be little among the thousands of Judah ; 
yet out of thee, shall he come forth unto me 
that is to be ruler in Israel," &c. Micah v, 2, 
with Mat. ii, 6. 

4. What does Micah predict of the dangers 
of professing Christianity ? 

A. " A man's enemies are the men of his 
own house." Micah vii, 6. Mat. x, 35, 36. 



60 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

5. What are some of the blessings be promi- 
ses in the reign of Christianity in its purity on 
earth ? 

A. " Men shall beat their swords into plough- 
shares and their spears into pruning hooks, 
neither shall they learn war any more." Mi- 
cah iv, 3. 

NAHUM. 

6. At what time did Nahum prophecy? 

A. During the reign of Hezekiah, kiug of 
Judah, after the Ten Tribes had been carried 
into captivity. 

7 Of what piace was he a native ? 

A. He was a native of Elkosh iu Galilee. 

8. When was the first chapter supposed to 
have been uttered ? 

A. As an encouragement to Hezekiah, when 
Sennacherib was invading the land of Judea. 
Nah. i. 

9. Of what prophecy is the latter portion of 
Nahum a continuance '( 

A. Of Jonah. 

10. Why does it seem to be a continuation 
of Jonah? 

A. Because Nahum so clearly foretells the 
downward progress of Nineveh in sin and her 
^tter ruin. Nahum ii and iii. 

11. What encouraging feature of Gospel 
times does he present ? 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 61 

A. Behold upon the mountains the feet of 
him that brinjjeth good'tidings," &c. Nahuro 
i, 15, and Rom. x, 15. 

Sixth Period. 

TWENTY-SIXTH LESSON 

The Captivity. 

1. What in meant by the captivity ? 

A. It implies more particularly to the car- 
rying away of the Tribes of Judah and Benja- 
min into Babylon by king Nebuchadnezzar 
about the year 606, B. 0. 

2. But had there been no other tribes pre- 
vious to these carried away ? 

A. Yes. The Ten Tribes had been carried 
into Assyria by Shalmaneser king of that 
country about the year 720, B. C. 

3. Why was this calamity inflicted on God's 
people ? 

A. As a punishment for their sins, according 
to the warnings that different prophets had 
given. 

4. Why was Israel removed first? 

A. Because their wickedness increased more 
rapidly, and God desired them to be a warning, 
to Judah. 

5.' What became of the Ten Tribes? 

A. Their identity was lost among the na- 
tions with whom they mingled : and they have 



62 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

since been called the " Ten Lost Tribes of 
Israel." 

6. After Ae captivity, what name was ap- 
plied to God's chosen people by their own and 
other writers? 

A. They were called Jews. Vid. Kitto on 
Tribes and Gesenius'. Heb. Lexicon on (Yehu- 
dah) Judah. 

7. Was there any spiritual benefit derived 
by the Jews from this chastisement ? 

A. Yes. They were never again guilty of 
idolatry. 

HEPHANIAH. 

1. What interval is supposed to have elapsed 
between Isaiah, Micah and the prophets of 
their day and the appearance of Zephaniah, 
Jeremiah, &c. '( 

A. An interval of fifty years. 

2. During whose reign did Zephaniah prin- 
cipally prophecy ? 

A. During the reign of Josiah. Zeph. i, 1. 

3. Against whom did he prophecy ? 

A. Against Judah and all those that did 
evil about them. Zeph. i and ii. 

4. Against what great City of the East was 
he the last prophet to raise his voice before her 
final destruction ? 

A. Against Nineveh. Zeph. ii, 13 : iii, 7. 

5. What, encouraging promise does he hold 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 63 

A. That the Lord would turn back their 
captivity. Id. iii, 13-20. 

6. What delightful promise of universal har- 
mony does Zephaniah give ? 

A. " Then will I turn to the people a pure 
language, that they may call upon the name of 
the Lord to serve him with one consent." Id. 
iii, 9. 

TWENTY SEVENTH LESSON 

JEREMIAH. 

1. When and where did Jeremiah prophecy? 
A. At Jerusalem during the whole captivity. 

2. How did he happen to remain while Eze- 
kieLand Daniel, two other prophets were car- 
ried away ? 

A. Nebuchadnezzar gave him his choice and 
he preferred like Moses, to suffer affliction with 
God's people rather than to enjoy the pleasures 
of a royal court. 

3. At what age did Jeremiah begin to pro- 
phecy? 

A. He begun when he was very young. 
Jer. i, 6. 

4. What was Jeremiah's natural disposition?- 
A. He was very diffident, and from this fact 

some trace the origin of his name from two 
Hebrew words, yelwvah, Jehovah, yaram, lifts 
up or sets on high. 

5. By what name is the prophet known al- 
most as well as by that of Jeremiah ? 



64 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

A. Jeremiah is often called the " Weeping 
Prophet :" because in his book of Lamenta- 
tions he grieves over the distress of his coun- 
trymen. 

6. Of what did Jeremiah principally pro- 
phecy ? 

A. Jeremiah's principal predictions related 
1st. to the downfall of Judah on account of her 
sins. Jer. iv-ix. 

2d. The punishment of Judah's oppressors, 
viz : Egypt, xlvi. Philistia xlvii. Moab xlviii. 
Babylon 1 and li. 

3d. The return of the captive Jews after 
seventy years, xxix, 10 : xxxiii. 

4th. The coming of Christ as a branch, as 
our righteousness, &c. Jer. xxiii, 15-26. 

7 Besides Jeremiah's own distress on ac- 
count of his people, how was his own suffering 
increased ? 

A. By persecution from his own townsmen, 
xi, 22, 23. 

2d. From king Zedekiah xxxii, 3. 

3d. From Irija, a Captain of the Guard, 
who accused him of being a Traitor, xxxvii, 
13-15. 

8. Where and how did Jeremiah die ? 

A. The Jews at Jerusalem, forced him to 
go with them into Egypt to escape captivity in 
Babylon, and there he is supposed to have 
been stoned io,4e_ath. 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 65 

HABAKKUK. 

9. At what time did Habakkuk prophesy? 

, A. He prophesied about the same time with 
Jeremiah, a little before the invasion by Nebu- 
chadnezzar. 

10. Against whom are his denunciations ut- 
tered ? 

A. Against his own people. Hab. i. And 
against Babylon. Hab. ii. 

11. What encouragement does he give suit- 
ed to every pious soul ? 

A. "The just shall live by his faith." Hab. 
ii, 4, with Heb. x, 38, and Rom.' i, 17. 

TWENTY EIGHTH LESSON 

DANIEL. 

1. Who wa£ Daniel ? 

A. He was one of the Hebrew youths whom 
Nebuchadnezzar carried captive to Babylon. 

2. What were Daniel's habits? 

A. Daniel was extremely temperate. Dan. 
i, 8-16. 

3. For what was Daniel distinguished ? 
A. For interpreting dreams. 

4. How was he honored for recalling and in- 
terpreting the dream Nebuchadnezzar had for- 
gotten ? 

A. " The king made Daniel a great man, 
and gave him many great gifts, and made him 
ruler over the whole province of Babylon, and 



66 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

chief of the governors over all the wise men 
of Babylon." Dan. ii, 48. 

5. What is- the Hebrew origin of his name? 
A. Daniel is derived from two Hebrew 

words — Ail, God; and Den, a judge — that is, 
"One who judges in God's name." 

6. How were Daniel's three friends, Shad- 
rach, Meshach and Abednego treated for not 
worshipping Nebuchadnezzar's golden image ? 

A. They were thrown into a fiery furnace ; 
but escaped safely without even the smell of 
fire on their garments, because God had pro- 
tected them on account of their faithfulness to 
Him. Daniel iii. 

7 Which one of Daniel's propheeies had 
the most rapid fulfilment ? 

A. The destruction of Belshazzar and his 
kingdom of Babylon, on the same night that 
Daniel interpreted the hand writingon the wall. 
Daniel v. 

8. What did Daniel's enemies say of his 
faithfulness in administering the government? 

A. That they could find no fault against 
him, except it be for the Law of his God.— 
Daniel vi, 5. 

9. How was Daniel punished for praying to 
God, and how was he delivered ? 

A. He was thrown into a den of lions; but 
God delivered him, and King Darius had his 
enemies thrown to the lions. Id, vi. 



ON THE 'GliD TESTAMENT. 67 

10. On what subjects did Daniel prophesy 

tost clearly asd more at leegth than any other 
ophet ? 

A. 1st, upon*the kingdoms that would arise 
Bfore Christ appeared. Daniel ii, 31-45 : vii 
id/viii; and, 2d, upon the exact time when 
brist would come. Daniel ix, 24-27. 

TWENTY-NINTH LESSON. 

EZEKIET*. 

1. Who was Ezekiel ? 

A. One of the Jews who was carried Into 
iptivity by Nebuchadnezzar. 

2. What was his office ? 

A. He was both a prophet and a priest. 
'S. What was the meaning of his name ? 
A. Ail ye hazaik — One whom God wilJ 
trengthen. 

4. Did his character correspond with his 
lame? 

A. Yes. He was bold and fearless, the op- 
posite in disposition to the retiring Jeremiah. 

5. What remarkable fulfillment of prophecy 
)ccurred in the case of King Zedekiah ? 

A. Ez«ki«i prophesied that Zedekiah should 
be carried to Babylon and die there ; yet, that 
Ire should Hot see it — all of which actually oc- 
curred in this way. Nebuchadnezzar captured 
Zedekiah, put out his eyes, and then carried 
him to Babylon. Ess. xii, 13 j 2 Kings xxv, 7. 



68 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

6. What was tfre general character of his 
prophecies ? 

A. Sublime but mysterious. 

7. How did EzeMel die ? 

A. He is supposed to have been murdered 
by a reprobate captive whom he had severely 
rebuked. 

OBADIAH. 

8. What is known of Obadiah personally ? 
A. Nothing at all. 

9. "What of his prophecy ? 

A. It is inferred, from some of the events 
that he narrates, that it must have been utter- 
ed after the Jews were carried into captivity - r 
such as Edom's joy over the destruction of Je- 
rusalem and his aid to Judah's enemies. Ob. 
10-14. 

10. Against whom was his prophecy directed? 
A. Against Edom. 

"Vide Angus' "Hand Book of Bible," 505-6 pp. 

THIRTIETH LESSON 

EZRA. 

1. How long did the Jews remain in captiv- 
ity? 

A. Seventy years, according to the prophe- 
cy of Jeremiah. Jer. xxv. 12, and xxix, 10. 

2. By whom were they restored to their own 
land? 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 69 

A. By Cyrus, according to the prophecy of 
Isaiah. Is. xliv, 28; Ez. i, 1. 

3. What portion of the people returned ? 
A. The chief of the fathers of Judah and 

Benjamin, with the Levites. Ezrai, 5. 

4. Who led them ? 

A. Zerubbabel, the grandson of Jehoiaehin 
or Jeconiah, theiing of Judah, whom Nebu- 
chadnezzar carried into eaptivity. Ez. ii, 2 ; 
1 Ch. iii, 17-19 ; 2 Kings xxiv, 8. 

5. What was their number. 

A. About (50,000) fifty thousand. Ezra, ii, 
64, 65. 

" 6. Besides their own effects, what did they 
carry to Jerusalem ? 

A. About 5400 vessels belonging to the 
Temple. Ez. i, 11. 

7. When and under whom did a second col- 
ony start for Jerusalem ? 

A. In the reign of Artaxerxes, under Ezra, 
a Priest and Scribe. Ez. vii, 1, 5, 6. 

8. What solemn duty did he require the 
< people to perform ? 

A. That they should separate from their 
•strange wives and from the people of the land. 
Ez. x, 10. 

9. What was the most important event in 
•the time of Ezra ? 

A. The rebuilding of the Temple on a larger 
fcut less elegant scale than the first. Ez. vi. 



70 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

10. What rendered the laying the founda- 
tion a joyous yet painful scene ? 

A. The presence of some who had seen, the 
first Temple and who wept aloud, while others 
were shouting for joy. Ezra iii, 12. 

11. How old was Ezra when he died ? 

A. He is said to have been 120 years oi 
age. 

THIRTY-FIRST LESSON. 

ESTHER. 

1. Who was Esther ? 

A. An orphan among the Jewish captives 
who was reared by her uncle, Mordeeai. 

2. What did she become afterwards-? 
A. Queen of Persia. 

S. How? 

A. Vashti, wife of Ahasuerus or Xerxes, the 
king, refused to obey him, when he went te 
call her ; so the nobles advised the king to put 
her away and take another wife. He selected 
Esther. 

4. What act had Mordeeai done to merit 
Xerxes' favor ? 

A. He had disclosed to him a ple-t agains} 
his life ? 

5. Who was prime minister or chief ruler I 
A. Haman. 

6. How did Haman become offended with 
the Jews ? 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 71 

A. Mordecai, the Jew, refused to bow down 
to him whenever he passed by. 

7. What did Hainan resolve to do in order 
to punish him ? 

A. He determined to destroy the whole Jew- 
ish nation. 

8. How was it prevented ? 

A. Mordecai sent word to Esther, that un- 
less she could prevail on the king to revoke the 
decree for their destruction, she herself would 
perish with the rest of the Jews. 

9. What did Esther do ? 

A. She told Mordecai that he and all his 
friends must engage in fasting and prayer that 
she might find favor when she approached the 
king. 

10. How did the Jews escape, after the 
king said that the law for their destruction 
could not be changed ? 

A. He allowed them to contend for their 
lives, and they killed 70,000 of their enemies. 

11. What became of Haman and Mordecai ? 
A. Haman was hung on the gallows he had 

erected for Mordecai's execution, while Mor- 
decai was raised to Hainan's position and had 
greater honors conferred on him than Haman 
ever enjoyed. • 

12. Who is the author of the Book of Es- 
ther ? 



72 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

A. It is supposed to have been compiled or 
collected by Ezra from the Persian Records. 
Vide the whole Book of Esther. 
THIRTY-SECOND LESSON 

NEHEMIAH. 

1. Who was Nehemiah ? 

A. He was one of the Jewish captives and 
eup-bearer to Artaxerxes, and afterwards the 
author of the Book that bears his name. Neh. 
i,2. 

2. With what authority was Nehemiah in- 
vested ? 

A. Nehemiah was authorized to return to 
Jerusalem and rebuild the walls of the eity. — 
Neh. ii, 8. 

3. How were the walls rebuilt? 

A. Nehemiah assigned a portion to each 
tribe and to each family to repair. Id. iii. 

4. What abuses did he reform ? 

A. 1st, the neglect of observing the seventh 
year as a release to all Hebrew debtors. Neh. v. 

2d, the neglect of their feasts. Neh. x, 32, 
33. 

3d, the neglect of the Sabbath. 

4th, the intermarriage of the Jews with 
strange nations. Neh. xiii, 23-28. 
HAGGAI. 

1. Who was Haggai ? 

A. A prophet, who is supposed to have been 



<SN THE OLD TESTAMENT. 73 

born in Babylon and raised up by God to en- 
courage the Jews in rebuilding the second Tem- 
ple. 

2. What was the character of his first mes- 
sage ? 

A. It was a reproof to the people for their 
neglect in building God's house, while they 
had finished their own. Hag. i, 4. 

3. What punishments had they experienced? 
A. Loss in every way — in their families, in 

their fields and in their eattk. Id. i, 9-11. 

4. What change occurred as soon as they 
commenced the Temple ? 

A. Prosperity was restored, and God's fa- 
vor. 

5. What promise did he give about the new 
Temple ? 

A. "The glory of this latter house shall be 
greater than of the former." Id. ii, 9. 

6. How was this promise and that to Zerub- 
babel, in the 23d verse, of becoming God's 
signet, fulfilled? 

A. In Christ. 

THIETY-THIED LESSON 

ZECHARIAH. 

1. Who was Zechariah ?. 

A. A prophet and priest cotemporary with 
Haggai. Zee. i ; Neb. xii, 4. 

2. What was the object of his mission? 



74 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

A. To encourage the Jews and their lead- 
ers in rebuilding the Temple. 

3. Into how many parts has his work beeu 
divided? 

A. Into three parts. 

4. What does the first part relate ? 

A. From the 1st to the 6th chapters he re- 
counts nine visions — some of them similar to 
those of Ezekiel and the Eevelations of John. 

5. What does the second part relate ? 

A. The 7th and 8th chapters record the vis- 
it of some Jewish ambassadors from Babylon, 
to inquire whether it would be acceptable to 
G-od for them to continue to observe the fasts 
instituted on account of the fall of the City 
and the Temple. 

6. What reply does Zechariah make ? 

A. That nothing is required by God of them 
but obedience. Zeeh. vii, 1—14. 

7 What does the third part contain ? 

A. The history of the Jews and of the 
church, to the end of time. Zech. ix, 14. 

8. What prophesies did Zechariah deliver 
concerning Christ ? 

A. "Behold the man whose name is the 
Branch. He shall build the Temple of the 
Lord — and shall bear the glory and shall sit 
and rule upon his throne, and shall be a priest 
upon his throne. Zech. vi, 12. 

"Behold, tby-king cometh unto thee — ridin^ 



ON THE OLD TESTAMENT. 



75 



upon an ass, and a colt," &e. Zecb. ix, 9, with 
John, xii, 15. 

"The thirty pieces of silver." Zecb. xi, V2, 
13, with Mat. xxvii, 3-0. 

"And they shall look upon me whom they 
have pierced." 

"A fountain opened in the house of Da- 
vid for," &e. -.Zech. xii, 10; xiii, 1. 

"Smite the Shepherd," &c. Zee. xin, 7 



MAIiACHI. 



9. Who was Malachi ? . 

A. The last of the Old Testament prophets- 

10. When did he live? 

A. At the same time with Nehemiah. 

11. What was the immediate work that oc- 
cupied his attention ? 

A. Trying to eorreet some of the errors of 
the priests and people. 

12. What were some of their sins ? 

A. 1st, want of confidence in God's elect- 
ing love. Mai. i, 2, 3. . 

2d. Their offering to God the blind, the 
lame and the halt, in their sacrifices. Mai. i, 8. 

3d. Their robbing God in tifcb.es and offer- 
ings. Mai. iii, 8. 

13. How does he speak of those that tear 

the Lord '( 

A. That a book of remembrance snail be 
written before Him for them. Mai. iii, 10. 



76 HISTORICAL CATECHISM 

14. How does Malachi speak of John the 
Baptist and of Christ ? 

A. "Behold, I will send my messenger and 
he shall prepare the way before me; and the 
Lord whom ye seek shall suddenly come to his 
Temple," &c. Id. iii, 1. 

"Behold I send you Elijah, the prophet, be- 
fore the coming of the great and dreadful day 
of the Lord," &c. Id. iv, 5. 














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